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Journal Articles Journal of Immunology Year : 2008

Plasmacytoid dendritic cells migrate in afferent skin lymph


Conventional dendritic cells enter lymph nodes by migrating from peripheral tissues via the lymphatic route, whereas plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC), also called IFN-producing cells (IPC), are described to gain nodes from blood via the high endothelial venules. We demonstrate here that IPC/pDC migrate in the afferent lymph of two large mammals. In sheep, injection of type A CpG oligodinucleotide (ODN) induced lymph cells to produce type I IFN. Furthermore, low-density lymph cells collected at steady state produced type I IFN after stimulation with type A CpG ODN and enveloped viruses. Sheep lymph IPC were found within a minor BnegCD11cneg subset expressing CD45RB. They presented a plasmacytoid morphology, expressed high levels of TLR-7, TLR-9, and IFN regulatory factor 7 mRNA, induced IFN-_ production in allogeneic CD4pos T cells, and differentiated into dendritic cell-like cells under viral stimulation, thus fulfilling criteria of bona fide pDC. In mini-pig, a CD4posSIRPpos subset in afferent lymph cells, corresponding to pDC homologs, produced type I IFN after type A CpG-ODN triggering. Thus, pDC can link innate and acquired immunity by migrating from tissue to draining node via lymph, similarly to conventional dendritic cells.



Dates and versions

hal-01193693 , version 1 (04-09-2015)



Florentina Pascale, Vanessa Contreras, Michel Bonneau, Alexandre Courbet, Stefan Chilmonczyk, et al.. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells migrate in afferent skin lymph. Journal of Immunology, 2008, 180 (9), pp.5963-5972. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.180.9.5963⟩. ⟨hal-01193693⟩
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