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Journal Articles Ultrasonics Year : 2016

Y-shaped jets driven by an ultrasonic beam reflecting on a wall


This paper presents an original experimental and numerical investigation of acoustic streaming driven by an acoustic beam reflecting on a wall. The water experiment features a 2 MHz acoustic beam totally reflecting on one of the tank glass walls. The velocity field in the plane containing the incident and reflected beam axes is investigated using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). It exhibits an original y-shaped structure: the impinging jet driven by the incident beam is continued by a wall jet, and a second jet is driven by the reflected beam, making an angle with the impinging jet. The flow is also numerically modeled as that of an incompressible fluid undergoing a volumetric acoustic force. This is a classical approach, but the complexity of the acoustic field in the reflection zone, however, makes it difficult to derive an exact force field in this area. Several approximations are thus tested; we show that the observed velocity field only weakly depends on the approximation used in this small region. The numerical model results are in good agreement with the experimental results. The spreading of the jets around their impingement points and the creeping of the wall jets along the walls are observed to allow the interaction of the flow with a large wall surface, which can even extend to the corners of the tank; this could be an interesting feature for applications requiring efficient heat and mass transfer at the wall. More fundamentally, the velocity field is shown to have both similarities and differences with the velocity field in a classical centered acoustic streaming jet. In particular its magnitude exhibits a fairly good agreement with a formerly derived scaling law based on the balance of the acoustic forcing with the inertia due to the flow acceleration along the beam axis.
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hal-01174278 , version 1 (08-07-2015)



Brahim Moudjed, Valéry Botton, Daniel Henry, Séverine Millet, Hamda Ben Hadid. Y-shaped jets driven by an ultrasonic beam reflecting on a wall. Ultrasonics, 2016, 68, pp.33-42. ⟨10.1016/j.ultras.2016.02.003⟩. ⟨hal-01174278⟩
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