Biological control of insect pests in agroecosystems: effects of crop management, farming systems and seminatural habitats at the landscape scale: a review - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Advances in Agronomy Year : 2010

Biological control of insect pests in agroecosystems: effects of crop management, farming systems and seminatural habitats at the landscape scale: a review

Adrien Rusch
Muriel Morison
Jean Roger-Estrade
  • Function : Author

Abstract

There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that the simplification of land uses associated with a strong dependence on agrochemical inputs is decreasing environmental quality, threatening biodiversity, and increasing the likelihood of pest outbreaks. The development of farming systems with greater reliance on ecosystem services, such as biological control of insect pests, should increase the sustainability of agroecosystems. However, the factors responsible for the maintenance or enhancement of natural pest control remain unclear. The goal of this review is, therefore, to expose which elements, from the field to the landscape scale, influence natural enemy populations and pest regulation. We present here the principal effects of seminatural habitats, farming systems, and crop management on the abundance of insect pests and their biological control, with a view to evaluating their relative importance and identifying key elements that regulate natural pest control interactions. Because of the range of spatial and temporal scales experienced by these organisms, we advocate, in studies investigating trophic relations and biological pest control, a clear description of cropping systems and an explicit consideration of seminatural habitats and more generally of the surrounding landscape. Through this review, we also indicate gaps in knowledge and demonstrate the interest of linking agronomy and landscape ecology to understand trophic interactions, maximize natural pest control, and limit pesticide applications. Quantifying the relative importance of both local and landscape scales is a fundamental step in the design and assessment of ecologically sound integrated pest management strategies for farmers.
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Dates and versions

hal-01173252 , version 1 (07-07-2015)

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Adrien Rusch, Muriel Morison, Jean-Pierre Sarthou, Jean Roger-Estrade. Biological control of insect pests in agroecosystems: effects of crop management, farming systems and seminatural habitats at the landscape scale: a review. Advances in Agronomy, 2010, 109, pp.219-259. ⟨10.1016/B978-0-12-385040-9.00006-2⟩. ⟨hal-01173252⟩
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