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Journal Articles Environmental Science and Technology Year : 2015

The challenge of studying TiO2 nanoparticle bioaccumulation at environmental concentrations: Crucial use of a stable isotope tracer

Abstract

The ecotoxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) is a growing area of research with many challenges ahead. To be relevant, laboratory experiments must be performed with well-controlled and environmentally realistic (i.e. low) exposure doses. Moreover, when focusing on the intensively manufactured titanium dioxide (TiO2) NPs, sample preparations and chemical analysis are critical steps to meaningfully assay NP?s bioaccumulation. To deal with these imperatives, we synthesized for the first time TiO2 NPs labeled with the stable isotope 47Ti. Thanks to the 47Ti labeling, we could detect the bioaccumulation of NPs in zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) exposed for 1h at environmental concentrations via water (7 - 120 µg/L of 47TiO2 NPs) and via their food (4 ? 830 µg/L of 47TiO2 NPs mixed with 1?106 cells/mL of cyanobacteria) despite the high natural Ti background, which varied in individual mussels. The assimilation efficiency (AE) of TiO2 NPs by mussels from their diet was very low (AE= 3.0±2.7%) suggesting that NPs are mainly captured in mussel gut, with little penetration in their internal organs. Thus, our methodology is particularly relevant in predicting NP?s bioaccumulation and investigating the factors influencing their toxicokinetics in conditions mimicking real environments.
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Dates and versions

hal-01157188 , version 1 (17-11-2015)

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Adeline Bourgeault, Cécile Cousin, Valérie Geertsen, Corinne Cassier-Chauvat, Franck Chauvat, et al.. The challenge of studying TiO2 nanoparticle bioaccumulation at environmental concentrations: Crucial use of a stable isotope tracer. Environmental Science and Technology, 2015, 49, pp.2451-2459. ⟨10.1021/es504638f⟩. ⟨hal-01157188⟩
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