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Journal Articles IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking Year : 2006

Incremental service deployment using the hop-by-hop multicast routing protocol

Luís Henrique Maciel Kosmalski Costa
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Serge Fdida


IP multicast is facing a slow take-off although it has been a hotly debated topic for more than a decade. Many reasons are responsible for this status. Hence, the Internet is likely to be organized with both unicast and multicast enabled networks. Thus, it is of utmost importance to design protocols that allow the progressive deployment of the multicast service by supporting unicast clouds. This paper presents HBH (hop-by-hop multicast routing protocol). HBH adopts the source-specific channel abstraction to simplify address allocation and implements data distribution using recursive unicast trees, which allow the transparent support of unicast-only routers. An important original feature of HBH is its tree construction algorithm that takes into account the unicast routing asymmetries. Since most multicast routing protocols rely on the unicast infrastructure, the unicast asymmetries impact the structure of the multicast trees. We show through simulation that HBH outperforms other multicast routing protocols in terms of the delay experienced by the receivers and the bandwidth consumption of the multicast trees. Additionally, we show that HBH can be incrementally deployed and that with a small fraction of HBH-enabled routers in the network HBH outperforms application-layer multicast.

Dates and versions

hal-01153395 , version 1 (19-05-2015)



Luís Henrique Maciel Kosmalski Costa, Serge Fdida, Otto Carlos Muniz Bandeira Duarte. Incremental service deployment using the hop-by-hop multicast routing protocol. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 2006, 14 (3), pp.543-556. ⟨10.1109/TNET.2006.876157⟩. ⟨hal-01153395⟩
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