Effects of fall conditions and biological variability on the mechanism of skull fractures caused by falls. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Legal Medicine Year : 2013

Effects of fall conditions and biological variability on the mechanism of skull fractures caused by falls.

Abstract

In a forensic investigation, there is considerable difficulty in distinguishing between different mechanisms that could explain the head injury sustained. The key question is often whether the injury was the consequence of a fall, a blow, or a fall caused by a blow. Better understanding of the parameters influencing the mechanism of skull fracture could be of use when attempting to distinguish between different causes of injury. Numerous parameters concerning fall conditions and biological variability are reported in the literature to influence the mechanism of skull fracture. At the current time, there are no studies that investigate both the effect of a fall and biological parameters. The aim of this paper is to study the influence of these parameters on the mechanism of skull fracture using a numerical approach. We focused on accidental falls from a standing height. A multibody model was used to estimate head impact velocities and a finite element model was used to investigate the effect of the fall conditions and of biological variability on skull fracture. The results show that the mechanism of skull fractures is influenced by a combination of at least four parameters: impact velocity, impact surface, cortical thickness and cortical density.

Dates and versions

hal-01088171 , version 1 (27-11-2014)

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A. Hamel, M. Llari, Marie-Dominique Piercecchi-Marti, Pascal Adalian, Georges Léonetti, et al.. Effects of fall conditions and biological variability on the mechanism of skull fractures caused by falls.. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 2013, 127 (1), pp.111-118. ⟨10.1007/s00414-011-0627-9⟩. ⟨hal-01088171⟩
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