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Journal Articles Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences Year : 2014

Multidimensionality in host manipulation mimicked by serotonin injection.

Abstract

Manipulative parasites often alter the phenotype of their hosts along multiple dimensions. 'Multidimensionality' in host manipulation could consist in the simultaneous alteration of several physiological pathways independently of one another, or proceed from the disruption of some key physiological parameter, followed by a cascade of effects. We compared multidimensionality in 'host manipulation' between two closely related amphipods, Gammarus fossarum and Gammarus pulex, naturally and experimentally infected with Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala), respectively. To that end, we calculated in each host-parasite association the effect size of the difference between infected and uninfected individuals for six different traits (activity, phototaxis, geotaxis, attraction to conspecifics, refuge use and metabolic rate). The effects sizes were highly correlated between host-parasite associations, providing evidence for a relatively constant 'infection syndrome'. Using the same methodology, we compared the extent of phenotypic alterations induced by an experimental injection of serotonin (5-HT) in uninfected G. pulex to that induced by experimental or natural infection with P. laevis. We observed a significant correlation between effect sizes across the six traits, indicating that injection with 5-HT can faithfully mimic the 'infection syndrome'. This is, to our knowledge, the first experimental evidence that multidimensionality in host manipulation can proceed, at least partly, from the disruption of some major physiological mechanism.

Dates and versions

hal-01086362 , version 1 (24-11-2014)

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Marie-Jeanne Perrot-Minnot, Kevin Sanchez-Thirion, Frank Cézilly. Multidimensionality in host manipulation mimicked by serotonin injection.. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2014, 281 (1796), pp.20141915. ⟨10.1098/rspb.2014.1915⟩. ⟨hal-01086362⟩
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