Evaluation of the recovery of microbial functions during soil restoration using near-infrared spectroscopy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Applied Soil Ecology Year : 2007

Evaluation of the recovery of microbial functions during soil restoration using near-infrared spectroscopy

(1) , (2) , (1) , (2) , (1)
1
2

Abstract

Microbial-based indicators, such as C and N contents or microbial functions involved in C and N cycles, are currently used to describe the status of soils in disturbed areas. Microbial functions are more accurate indicators but their measurement for studies at the ecosystem level remains problematical because of the huge spatial variability of these processes and, consequently, of the large number of soil samples which must be analyzed. Our goal was to test the capacity of near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict respiration and denitrification but also carbon and nitrogen contents of soils submitted to various procedures of restoration. To achieve this objective, we took advantage of an experiment conducted on a reforestation system established after open-cast gold mining in French Guiana. In this experimental station, plantations of various ages and various soil textures were at our disposal. Our results showed that both plantations and soil texture had a strong impact on the recovery of soil functioning: carbon and nitrogen contents, respiration and denitrification increased with age of plantation and clay content. Calibrations were performed between spectral data and microbial-based indicators using partial least squares regression (PLS). The results showed that C and N contents were accurately predicted. Microbial functions were less precisely predicted with results more accurate on clayey soils than on sandy soils. In clayey soils, perturbed or restored soils and the year of plantation were discriminated very efficiently through principal component analyses of spectral signatures (over 80% of variance explained on the first two axes). Near-infrared spectroscopy may thus be extended to the prediction of functional soil parameters, but the capacity of this method must be strengthened by expending the databases with other soils in other contexts. The possibility of using NIRS provides many opportunities for understanding both the temporal dynamics and the spatial variability of the recovery of key microbial functions during soil restoration.

Dates and versions

hal-01032188 , version 1 (22-07-2014)

Identifiers

Cite

Heidy Schimann, Richard Joffre, Jean-Christophe Roggy, Robert Lensi, Anne-Marie Domenach. Evaluation of the recovery of microbial functions during soil restoration using near-infrared spectroscopy. Applied Soil Ecology, 2007, 37 (3), pp.223-232. ⟨10.1016/j.apsoil.2007.07.001⟩. ⟨hal-01032188⟩
150 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More