Carbon cycle and sea-water palaeotemperature evolution at the Middle-Late Jurassic transition, eastern Paris Basin (France). - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Marine and Petroleum Geology Year : 2014

Carbon cycle and sea-water palaeotemperature evolution at the Middle-Late Jurassic transition, eastern Paris Basin (France).

Abstract

A very high-resolution carbon and oxygen stable isotope analysis (bulk-carbonate) of a biostratigraphically well-constrained Callovian-Oxfordian series is provided here for the first time. The homogeneity of the clayey series and the weak diagenetic alteration allow the isotopic signal variations to be considered as primary in origin. A prominent and brief negative excursion in the δ13C curve (−2‰), occurring at the start of the Middle Callovian (Jason Zone - Obductum Subzone) and correlated regionally, suggests a possible methane release. The increasing δ13C values thereafter up to the Early Oxfordian, concomitant with a warming episode, highlight the burial of carbon in organic-rich layers which, in return, may have triggered a decrease in atmospheric pCO2. At higher frequencies, observed fluctuations of the δ13C and δ18O values are orbitally driven (405-kyr and 100-kyr eccentricity cycles) and may correspond to the salinity and temperature variability recorded in sea water. The δ18O isotopic measurements from well-preserved diagenetically screened belemnites and bivalves along the series, compared to available data from Tethyan domains, agree with the scenario of a global cooling at the Middle-Late Jurassic transition. The well-dated δ18O isotopic curve suggests that the onset of this cooling event occurred at the end of the Coronatum Zone (Middle Callovian).
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Dates and versions

hal-00967958 , version 1 (31-03-2014)

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Pierre Pellenard, Romain Tramoy, Emmanuelle Pucéat, Emilia Huret, Mathieu Martinez, et al.. Carbon cycle and sea-water palaeotemperature evolution at the Middle-Late Jurassic transition, eastern Paris Basin (France).. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2014, 53, pp.30-43. ⟨10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.07.002⟩. ⟨hal-00967958⟩
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