Pig domestication and human-mediated dispersal in western Eurasia revealed through ancient DNA and geometric morphometrics. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Biology and Evolution Year : 2013

Pig domestication and human-mediated dispersal in western Eurasia revealed through ancient DNA and geometric morphometrics.

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Claudio Ottoni
  • Function : Author
Linus Girdland Flink
  • Function : Author
Allowen Evin
Christina Geörg
  • Function : Author
Bea de Cupere
Wim van Neer
  • Function : Author
László Bartosiewicz
  • Function : Author
Anna Linderholm
  • Function : Author
Ross Barnett
  • Function : Author
Ronny Decorte
  • Function : Author
Marc Waelkens
  • Function : Author
Canan Cakirlar
  • Function : Author
Ozlem Cevik
  • Function : Author
a Rus Hoelzel
  • Function : Author
Azadeh Fatemeh Mohaseb Karimlu
Shiva Sheikhi Seno
  • Function : Author
Julie Daujat
  • Function : Author
Ron Pinhasi
  • Function : Author
Hitomi Hongo
  • Function : Author
Miguel Perez-Enciso
  • Function : Author
Morten Rasmussen
  • Function : Author
Laurent Frantz
Hendrik-Jan Megens
  • Function : Author
Nobert Benecke
  • Function : Author
Una Strand Vidarsdottir
  • Function : Author
Joachim Burger
  • Function : Author
Greger Larson

Abstract

Zooarcheological evidence suggests that pigs were domesticated in Southwest Asia ~8,500 BC. They then spread across the Middle and Near East and westward into Europe alongside early agriculturalists. European pigs were either domesticated independently or more likely appeared so as a result of admixture between introduced pigs and European wild boar. As a result, European wild boar mtDNA lineages replaced Near Eastern/Anatolian mtDNA signatures in Europe and subsequently replaced indigenous domestic pig lineages in Anatolia. The specific details of these processes, however, remain unknown. To address questions related to early pig domestication, dispersal, and turnover in the Near East, we analyzed ancient mitochondrial DNA and dental geometric morphometric variation in 393 ancient pig specimens representing 48 archeological sites (from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic to the Medieval period) from Armenia, Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Syria, and Turkey. Our results reveal the first genetic signatures of early domestic pigs in the Near Eastern Neolithic core zone. We also demonstrate that these early pigs differed genetically from those in western Anatolia that were introduced to Europe during the Neolithic expansion. In addition, we present a significantly more refined chronology for the introduction of European domestic pigs into Asia Minor that took place during the Bronze Age, at least 900 years earlier than previously detected. By the 5th century AD, European signatures completely replaced the endemic lineages possibly coinciding with the widespread demographic and societal changes that occurred during the Anatolian Bronze and Iron Ages.

Dates and versions

hal-00967668 , version 1 (30-03-2014)

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Cite

Claudio Ottoni, Linus Girdland Flink, Allowen Evin, Christina Geörg, Bea de Cupere, et al.. Pig domestication and human-mediated dispersal in western Eurasia revealed through ancient DNA and geometric morphometrics.. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 2013, 30 (4), pp.824-32. ⟨10.1093/molbev/mss261⟩. ⟨hal-00967668⟩
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