Wheat domestication: Lessons for the future - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Comptes Rendus Biologies Year : 2011

Wheat domestication: Lessons for the future


Wheat was one of the first crops to be domesticated more than 10,000 years ago in the Middle East. Molecular genetics and archaeological data have allowed the reconstruction of plausible domestication scenarios leading to modern cultivars. For diploid einkorn and tetraploid durum wheat, a single domestication event has likely occurred in the Karacadag Mountains, Turkey. Following a cross between tetraploid durum and diploid T. tauschii, the resultant hexaploid bread wheat was domesticated and disseminated around the Caucasian region. These polyploidisation events facilitated wheat domestication and created genetic bottlenecks, which excluded potentially adaptive alleles. With the urgent need to accelerate genetic progress to confront the challenges of climate change and sustainable agriculture, wild ancestors and old landraces represent a reservoir of underexploited genetic diversity that may be utilized through modern breeding methods. Understanding domestication processes may thus help identifying new strategies. (C) 2011 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Dates and versions

hal-00964392 , version 1 (24-03-2014)



Gilles Charmet. Wheat domestication: Lessons for the future. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 2011, 334 (3), pp.212 - 220. ⟨10.1016/j.crvi.2010.12.013⟩. ⟨hal-00964392⟩
61 View
0 Download



Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More