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Journal Articles Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering Year : 2008

Centrifuge modelling of raked piles


Inclined piles are prohibited by many codes in seismic areas. Nevertheless the battered effect has not yet been clarified because very few data are available. The present work is a comparison, at reduced scale in the centrifuge, of the response of two simplified pile groups: a 1 × 2 vertical piles and 1 × 2 pile group with one inclined pile. Two configurations are considered: end-bearing and floating pile group, both with pile heads rigidly fixed with a massive cap. First, repeatability tests under horizontal cyclic loading were performed on both floating pile groups. Secondly, repeated horizontal impact tests were performed on both end-bearing pile groups. These impact tests, which highlight the influence of inclined piles on the inertial response of a group, are a first step for the more complex analysis of the performance of such groups under seismic loads where inertial and kinematic interactions are combined. The first part of this work revealed the influence of sand structure around the inclined pile tip on the repeatability of the tests performed on floating pile groups. The second part highlighted differences in the dynamic response between the two end-bearing pile groups through measurements of the pile cap acceleration, the bending moment profile and the axial load in the piles.

Dates and versions

hal-00953663 , version 1 (28-02-2014)



Sandra Escoffier, Jean Louis Chazelas, Jacques Garnier. Centrifuge modelling of raked piles. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 2008, 6 (4), pp. 689-704. ⟨10.1007/s10518-008-9094-1⟩. ⟨hal-00953663⟩
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