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Journal Articles Langmuir Year : 2010

Block Copolymer Systems: From Single Chain to Self-Assembled Nanostructures

Abstract

Recent advances in the field of macromolecular engineering applied to the fabrication of nanostructured materials using block copolymer chains as elementary building blocks are described in this feature article. By highlighting some of our work in the area and accounting for the contribution of other groups, we discuss the relationship between the physical-chemical properties of copolymer chains and the characteristics of nano-objects originating from their self-assembly in solution and in bulk, with emphasis on convenient strategies that allow for the control of composition, functionality, and topology at different levels of sophistication. In the case of micellar nanoparticles in solution, in particular, we present approaches leading to morphology selection via macromolecular architectural design, the functionalization of external solvent-philic shells with biomolecules (polysaccharides and proteins), and the maximization of micelle loading capacity by the suitable choice of solvent-phobic polymer segments. The fabrication of nanomaterials mediated by thin block copolymer films is also discussed. In this case, we emphasize the development of novel polymer chain manipulation strategies that ultimately allow for the preparation of precisely positioned nanodomains with a reduced number of defects a block-selective chemical reactivity. The challenges facing the soft matter community, the urgent demand to convert huge public and private investments into consumer products, and future possible directions in the field are also considered herein.
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hal-00950674 , version 1 (21-02-2014)

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Cristiano Giacomelli, Vanessa Schmidt, Karim Aissou, Redouane Borsali. Block Copolymer Systems: From Single Chain to Self-Assembled Nanostructures. Langmuir, 2010, 26 (20), pp.15734-15744. ⟨10.1021/1a100641j⟩. ⟨hal-00950674⟩
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