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Journal Articles Tribology International Year : 2008

Real versus synthesized fractal surfaces: Contact mechanics and transport properties

Christophe Vallet
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H. Zahouani
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Abstract

In this work, we analyze diffusion and viscous flow through the aperture field of a contact between rough surfaces pressed against each other. The purpose of our study is to validate the use of synthesized rough surfaces instead of real ones for surfaces exhibiting fractal properties. Models for mechanical deformation of asperities as well as for transport resulting from a pressure gradient or a species concentration gradient are presented. At the macroscopic scale, viscous and diffusive transports only depend on transmissivity K and diffusivity D, respectively. Both tensors K and D are intrinsic, which means that they can be entirely determined from the aperture field. Two kinds of surfaces obtained from two different machining processes -lapping and sand-blasting- are considered. The dependence of the global contact area, distribution of local contact areas, K and D upon the average contact pressure is compared for real surfaces and their analogue synthesized surfaces. The comparison over a wide range of contact pressures leads to the conclusion that a fractal representation is a robust representation for the contact mechanics as well as for transport properties for this class of surfaces. This validates the overall procedure described in this work.
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Dates and versions

hal-00413237 , version 1 (03-09-2009)

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Christophe Vallet, Didier Lasseux, Philippe Sainsot, H. Zahouani. Real versus synthesized fractal surfaces: Contact mechanics and transport properties. Tribology International, 2008, 42 (2), pp.250-259. ⟨10.1016/j.triboint.2008.06.005⟩. ⟨hal-00413237⟩
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