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Journal Articles Chinese Annals of Mathematics - Series B Year : 2015

Transversal instability for the thermodiffusive reaction-diffusion system

Abstract

The propagation of unstable interfaces is at the origin of remarkable patterns that are observed in various areas of science as chemical reactions, phase transitions, growth of bacterial colonies. Since a scalar equation generates usually stable waves, the simplest mathematical description relies on two by two reaction-diffusion systems. Our interest is the extension of the Fisher/KPP equation to a two species reaction which represents reactant concentration and temperature when used for flame propagation, bacterial population and nutrient concentration when used in biology. We study in which circumstances instabilities can occur and in particular the effect of dimension. It is observed numerically that spherical waves can be unstable depending on the coefficients. A simpler mathematical framework is to study transversal instability, that means a one dimensional wave propagating in two space dimensions. Then, explicit analytical formulas give explicitely the range of paramaters for instability.
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Dates and versions

hal-00939013 , version 1 (29-01-2014)

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Michal Kolwalczyk, Benoît Perthame, Nicolas Vauchelet. Transversal instability for the thermodiffusive reaction-diffusion system. Chinese Annals of Mathematics - Series B, 2015, 36 (5), pp.871-882. ⟨10.1007/s11401-015-0981-x⟩. ⟨hal-00939013⟩
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