Coupling of random amplified polymorphic DNA profiles analysis and high resolution capillary electrophoresis system for the assessment of chemical genotoxicity. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Technology Year : 2013

Coupling of random amplified polymorphic DNA profiles analysis and high resolution capillary electrophoresis system for the assessment of chemical genotoxicity.

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) can be toxic to terrestrial snails, but few data are available about its genotoxic effects on early life stages (ELS). The aim of this study was to investigate the genotoxic potential of Cd in embryos of Helix aspersa using a new approach that couples Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and a high-resolution capillary electrophoresis system (HRS). Clutches of H. aspersa were exposed to Cd solutions (2, 4, and 6 mg/L) from the beginning of their embryonic development. In addition to a dose-dependent effect of Cd on hatching rate, DNA fragmentation was observed in embryos that were exposed to 6 mg Cd/L. The analysis of RAPD products with HRS showed differences between the profiles of exposed and nonexposed embryos, starting at 2 mg Cd/L. In comparison to the profiles of the control samples, all profiles from the exposed snails exhibited an additional 270 bp DNA fragment and lacked a 450 bp DNA fragment. These profile modifications are related to the genotoxic effect of Cd on the ELS of H. aspersa . Our study demonstrates the efficacy of coupling RAPD and HRS for a rapid and efficient screening of the effects of chemicals on DNA.

Domains

Ecotoxicology
No file

Dates and versions

hal-00926041 , version 1 (09-01-2014)

Identifiers

Cite

Pierre-Emmanuel Baurand, Annette De Vaufleury, Renaud Scheifler, Nicolas Capelli. Coupling of random amplified polymorphic DNA profiles analysis and high resolution capillary electrophoresis system for the assessment of chemical genotoxicity.. Environmental Science and Technology, 2013, 47 (16), pp.9505-13. ⟨10.1021/es4021519⟩. ⟨hal-00926041⟩
41 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More