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Journal Articles Combustion and Flame Year : 2012

Acoustic and Large Eddy Simulation studies of azimuthal modes in annular combustion chambers

Abstract

The objectives of this paper are the description of azimuthal instability modes found in annular combus- tion chambers using two numerical tools: (1) Large Eddy Simulation (LES) methods and (2) acoustic solv- ers. These strong combustion instabilities are difficult to study experimentally and the present study is based on a LES of a full aeronautical combustion chamber. The LES exhibits a self-excited oscillation at the frequency of the first azimuthal eigenmode. The mesh independence of the LES is verified before ana- lysing the nature of this mode using various indicators over more than 100 cycles: the mode is mostly a pure standing mode but it transitions from time to time to a turning mode because of turbulent fluctu- ations, confirming experimental observations and theoretical results. The correlation between pressure and heat release fluctuations (Rayleigh criterion) is not verified locally but it is satisfied when pressure and heat release are averaged over sectors. LES is also used to check modes predicted by an acoustic Helmholtz solver where the flow is frozen and flames are modelled using a Flame Transfer Function (FTF) as done in most present tools. The results in terms of mode structure compare well confirming that the mode appearing in the LES is the first azimuthal mode of the chamber. Moreover, the acoustic solver provides stability maps suggesting that a reduction of the time delay of the FTF would be enough to sta- bilise the mode. This is confirmed with LES by increasing the flame speed and verifying that this modi- fication leads to a damped mode in a few cycles.
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Dates and versions

hal-00801825 , version 1 (18-03-2013)

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Pierre Wolf, Gabriel Staffelbach, Laurent Y.M. Gicquel, Jens-Dominik Müller, Thierry Poinsot. Acoustic and Large Eddy Simulation studies of azimuthal modes in annular combustion chambers. Combustion and Flame, 2012, vol. 159, pp.3398-3413. ⟨10.1016/j.combustflame.2012.06.016⟩. ⟨hal-00801825⟩
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