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Journal Articles Atmospheric Environment Year : 2012

Real-time air quality forecasting, part I: History, techniques, and current status


Real-time air quality forecasting (RT-AQF), a new discipline of the atmospheric sciences, represents one of the most far-reaching development and practical applications of science and engineering, poses unprecedented scientific, technical, and computational challenges, and generates significant opportunities for science dissemination and community participations. This two-part review provides a comprehensive assessment of the history, current status, major research and outreach challenges, and future directions of RT-AQF, with a focus on the application and improvement of three-dimensional (3-D) deterministic RT-AQF models. In Part I, major milestones in the history of RT-AQF are reviewed. The fundamentals of RT-AQF are introduced. Various RT-AQF techniques with varying degrees of sophistication and skills are described comparatively. Among all techniques, 3-D RT-AQF models with online-coupled meteorology-chemistry and their transitions from mesoscale to unified model systems across scales represent a significant advancement and would greatly enhance understanding of the underlying complex interplay of meteorology, emission, and chemistry from global to urban scales in the real atmosphere. Current major 3-D global and regional RT-AQF models in the world are reviewed in terms of model systems, component models, application scales, model inputs, forecast products, horizontal grid resolutions, and model treatments of chemistry and aerosol processes. An important trend of such models is their coupling with an urban model or a computational fluid dynamic model for urban/local scale applications at 1 km or less and with an exposure model to provide real-time public health assessment and exposure predictions. Evaluation protocols are described along with examinations of current forecasting skills and areas with large biases of major RT-AQF models.
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hal-00761344 , version 1 (05-12-2012)



Yang Zhang, Marc Bocquet, Vivien Mallet, Christian Seigneur, Alexander Baklanov. Real-time air quality forecasting, part I: History, techniques, and current status. Atmospheric Environment, 2012, 60, pp.632-655. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.06.031⟩. ⟨hal-00761344⟩
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