Geographic variations of life history traits and potential trade-offs in different populations of the parasitoid Leptopilina heterotoma - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles The Science of Nature Naturwissenschaften Year : 2012

Geographic variations of life history traits and potential trade-offs in different populations of the parasitoid Leptopilina heterotoma

Abstract

Energy allocation is determined by resource availability and trade-offs among traits, and so organisms have to give some traits priority over others to maximize their fitness according to their environment. In this study, we investigated the geographic variations in life history traits and potential trade-offs in populations of the parasitoid Leptopilina heterotoma (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) originating from the north and the south of the Rhône-Saône valley (over a gradient of 300 km, South-East France). We measured a set of traits related to reproduction, maintenance, and mobility using several estimators of each of these main functions determined at different times. We did not find any clear differences between populations from contrasting areas, whereas the southern populations, which were all assumed to be exposed to similar environmental conditions, displayed contrasting patterns of energy allocation. Thus, the most likely explanation seems to be that the evolution of the life history of L. heterotoma is probably shaped by local selective pressures, such as microclimate, microhabitats, or intensity of competition, rather than by regional ecological conditions. Using our study as an example, we discuss the interest of considering several traits and using different ways of measuring them, concluding that multiple measurements should be performed in future studies to ensure the robustness of the results.

Dates and versions

hal-00756124 , version 1 (22-11-2012)

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Cite

Pauline Vuarin, Roland Allemand, Joffrey Moiroux, Joan van Baaren, Patricia Gibert. Geographic variations of life history traits and potential trade-offs in different populations of the parasitoid Leptopilina heterotoma. The Science of Nature Naturwissenschaften, 2012, 99 (11), pp.903-912. ⟨10.1007/s00114-012-0972-7⟩. ⟨hal-00756124⟩
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