Complex Systems Science: Dreams of Universality, Reality of Interdisciplinarity - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology Year : 2012

Complex Systems Science: Dreams of Universality, Reality of Interdisciplinarity

Abstract

Using a large database (~ 215 000 records) of relevant articles, we empirically study the "complex systems" field and its claims to find universal principles applying to systems in general. The study of references shared by the papers allows us to obtain a global point of view on the structure of this highly interdisciplinary field. We show that its overall coherence does not arise from a universal theory but instead from computational techniques and fruitful adaptations of the idea of self-organization to specific systems. We also find that communication between different disciplines goes through specific "trading zones", ie sub-communities that create an interface around specific tools (a DNA microchip) or concepts (a network).
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
CSS.pdf (1.64 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-00706567 , version 1 (11-06-2012)

Identifiers

Cite

Sebastian Grauwin, Guillaume Beslon, Eric Fleury, Sara Franceschelli, Céline Robardet, et al.. Complex Systems Science: Dreams of Universality, Reality of Interdisciplinarity. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 2012, 63 (7), pp.10.1002/asi.22644. ⟨10.1002/asi.22644⟩. ⟨hal-00706567⟩
1260 View
2079 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More