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Conference Papers Journal of Physical Chemistry A Year : 2011

On Line Characterization of SiC Nanoparticles Produced by Laser Pyrolysis

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Abstract

On Line Measurements campaigns have been carried out for the first time in IRAMIS/SPAM CEA's laser gas-phase pyrolysis nanoparticles production facilities. The produced aerosol is composed of Argon and/or Helium laden with SiC nanoparticles concentrated up to ~14 mg/l. Different commercial apparatus were used for sampling, and characterisation of size, and morphology of the particles. A series of experiment is performed by IRSN with a DMS500 from Cambustion Ltd™, which gives electrical mobility equivalent diameter distribution in real time. Particles are sampled with an ejector-diluter VKL-10 from Palas™. On the same sampling line, APTL performed aerodynamic equivalent diameter mass distribution using a Nanomoudi from MSP Corp.™ and TEM post analysis, as well as post elemental analysis (EDS) after collection on TEM grid with a Thermophoretic Precipitator (TP). A previously developed model is used to obtain the aggregate morphology and primary particles sizes. In addition to these commercial or well-known techniques, a new patent-pending technique called RFPM (Radio Frequency Plasma Metrology developed by CILAS + GREMI in the frame of NANOCARA program) is tested for the first time off the lab. The principle is based on levitation of particles in plasma RF. The entire set up is a prototype, including the sampling line. Experiments showed that this technique is very promising for on line gas phase monitoring, even though future improvements are needed, especially on the direct injection of the sample in the measuring chamber. First results of size distribution on pyrolysis line were obtained: three modes of different geometric mean diameter D50 were measured. Further analysis of TEM micrographs gave insight on these three modes, they can be interpreted as primary particles, aggregated particles, and a third one which could be composed of silica oxide nanoparticles issued from the combustion of the remaining silane initiated by an air leak in the exhaust of the reactor. Furthermore, a parametric study was undertaken. Helium addition in reactor and laser power were authorized to vary within a significant range. There was an evidence of influence of these parameters on the size distributions. Thus, we have demonstrated the high interest of implementing a size monitoring set up on gas phase nanoparticles production line for safety, yield improvement, and cost reduction purposes. This set up can run in a safe and non invasive way, and require low maintenance.

Dates and versions

hal-00656133 , version 1 (03-01-2012)

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Cite

Gaëtan Wattieaux, P. Lecerf, L. Meyer, L. Boufendi, Y. Leconte, et al.. On Line Characterization of SiC Nanoparticles Produced by Laser Pyrolysis. Nanosafe2010: International Conference on Safe Production and Use of Nanomaterials, Nov 2010, Grenoble, France. pp.012021, ⟨10.1088/1742-6596/304/1/012021⟩. ⟨hal-00656133⟩
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