Unsteady characteristics of the dispersion process in the vicinity of a pig barn. Wind tunnel experiments and comparison with field data. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Atmospheric environment Year : 2004

Unsteady characteristics of the dispersion process in the vicinity of a pig barn. Wind tunnel experiments and comparison with field data.

Abstract

Two complementary methods, field experiments and physical modelling in a wind tunnel, have been used to investigate the dispersion of tracer-gas released from the ventilation system of a pig barn, under near-neutral stability conditions.In both cases, concentration fluctuations were measured and the deduced statistical results were compared. The choice of data processing applied to the time series of concentration was motivated by special issues in the assessment of odour annoyances: ''where, how often, how long and how strong does it smell?'' These features were described by the mean concentration distribution, the intermittency factor, the persistence and the 90-percentile.The good agreement between field and wind tunnel data confirmed the ability to replicate in wind tunnel the unsteady properties of a dispersionprocess, if the unsteadyturbulent behaviour of the atmospheric boundary layer was properly modelled. A parametrical study of the influence on the dispersion process of the ratio between the exhaust velocity from the stack and the wind speed was then performed in wind tunnel.The fundamental outcome was that the near-field dispersion process under neutral stability conditions, despite the strong influence of the building wake, was for the most part driven by the meandering behaviour of the plume and not so much by the diffusion process. This study was also focused on the influence of the averaging time on the statistical results.The scatter generated by using dimensionless averaging times 200

Dates and versions

hal-00654688 , version 1 (22-12-2011)

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Sandrine Aubrun, B. Leitl. Unsteady characteristics of the dispersion process in the vicinity of a pig barn. Wind tunnel experiments and comparison with field data.. Atmospheric environment, 2004, 38, pp.81-93. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.09.039⟩. ⟨hal-00654688⟩
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