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Journal Articles International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture Year : 2011

5-Axis tool path smoothing based on drive constraints

Abstract

In high speed machining, the real feedrate is often lower than the programmed one. This reduction of the feedrate is mainly due to the physical limits of the drives, and affects machining time as well as the quality of the machined surface. Indeed, if the tool path presents sharp geometrical variations the feedrate has to be decreased to respect the drive constraints in terms of velocity, acceleration and jerk. Thus, the aim of this paper is to smooth 5-axis tool paths in order to maximize the real feedrate and to reduce the machining time. Velocity, acceleration and jerk limits of each drive allow to compute an evaluation of the maximum reachable feedrate which is then used to localize the areas where the tool path has to be smoothed. So starting from a given tool path, the proposed algorithm iteratively smoothes the joint motions in order to raise the real feedrate. This algorithm has been tested in 5-axis end milling of an airfoil and in flank milling of an impeller for which a N-buffer algorithm is used to control the geometrical deviations. An important reduction of the measured machining time is demonstrated in both examples.
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Dates and versions

hal-00626187 , version 1 (24-09-2011)

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Xavier Beudaert, Pierre-Yves Pechard, Christophe Tournier. 5-Axis tool path smoothing based on drive constraints. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 2011, 51 (12), pp.958-965. ⟨10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2011.08.014⟩. ⟨hal-00626187⟩
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