Surveillance of occupational blood and body fluid exposures among French healthcare workers in 2004. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology Year : 2007

Surveillance of occupational blood and body fluid exposures among French healthcare workers in 2004.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence rate of reported occupational blood and body fluid exposures among French healthcare workers (HCWs). DESIGN: Prospective national follow-up of HCWs from January 1 to December 31, 2004. SETTING: University hospitals, hospitals, clinics, local medical centers, and specialized psychiatric centers were included in the study on a voluntary basis. PARTICIPANTS: At participating medical centers, every reported blood and body fluid exposure was documented by the occupational practitioner in charge of the exposed HCW by use of an anonymous, standardized questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 375 medical centers (15% of French medical centers, accounting for 29% of hospital beds) reported 13,041 blood and body fluid exposures; of these, 9,396 (72.0%) were needlestick injuries. Blood and body fluid exposures were avoidable in 39.1% of cases (5,091 of 13,020), and 52.2% of percutaneous injuries (4,986 of 9,552) were avoidable (5.9% due to needle recapping). Of 10,656 percutaneous injuries, 22.6% occurred during an injection, 17.9% during blood sampling, and 16.6% during surgery. Of 2,065 splashes, 22.6% occurred during nursing activities, 19.1% during surgery, 14.1% during placement or removal of an intravenous line, and 12.0% during manipulation of a tracheotomy tube. The incidence rates of exposures were 8.9 per 100 hospital beds (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.7-9.0 exposures), 2.2 per 100 full-time-equivalent physicians (95% CI, 2.4-2.6 exposures), and 7.0 per 100 full-time-equivalent nurses (95% CI, 6.8-7.2 exposures). Human immunodeficiency virus serological status was unknown for 2,789 (21.4%) of 13,041 patients who were the source of the blood and body fluid exposures. CONCLUSION: National surveillance networks for blood and body fluid exposures help to better document their characteristics and risk factors and can enhance prevention at participating medical centers.
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Dates and versions

hal-00448529 , version 1 (19-01-2010)

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A. G. Venier, A. Vincent, F. L'Heriteau, N. Floret, H. Senechal, et al.. Surveillance of occupational blood and body fluid exposures among French healthcare workers in 2004.. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 2007, 28 (10), pp.1196-201. ⟨10.1086/520742⟩. ⟨hal-00448529⟩
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