Ammonite diversity and its palaeobiogeographical structure during the early Pliensbachian (Jurassic) in the western Tethys and adjacent areas. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology Year : 2009

Ammonite diversity and its palaeobiogeographical structure during the early Pliensbachian (Jurassic) in the western Tethys and adjacent areas.

Abstract

The early Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic) is known as a time of marked provincialism in the marine realm, notably between the Mediterranean Tethys and North–West Europe. In order to test this observation quantitatively, we compiled 104 locality-level species lists from those areas based on a comprehensive revision of early Pliensbachian ammonites. With this dataset, we also explore the relationship between ammonite richness and biogeography at the scale of the sub-chronozone during the early Pliensbachian. Using various multivariate statistics and rarefaction techniques, we show that: (i) there is a sharp contrast between the NW European (NWE) and the Mediterranean (MED) provinces, although there is some mixing in Austroalpine and Pontic ammonite faunas; (ii) species richness in the MED province is about twice that in the NWE province for each chronozone; (iii) ammonite species richness tends to decrease during the early Pliensbachian, especially at the Ibex–Davoei transition; and (iv) the NWE and MED sensu stricto provinces both record the same pattern of variations in richness despite the fact that their taxonomic compositions have virtually nothing in common at the species level. We suggest that the low ammonite richness of the Davoei chronozone may be related to a coeval warming of seawaters, but that this was insufficient to affect the sharp palaeobiogeographic contrast between the two provinces. This persistent compartmentalisation probably reflects a major palaeogeographical structure, such as an emerged or near-emerged barrier running from the Betic range to the Briançonnais ridge. Overall, it seems that the diversity and distribution of early Pliensbachian ammonite species were simultaneously controlled by climate, palaeogeography and eustasy.

Dates and versions

hal-00410119 , version 1 (17-08-2009)

Identifiers

Cite

Jean-Louis Dommergues, Emmanuel Fara, Christian Meister. Ammonite diversity and its palaeobiogeographical structure during the early Pliensbachian (Jurassic) in the western Tethys and adjacent areas.. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2009, 280 (1-2), pp.64-77. ⟨10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.06.005⟩. ⟨hal-00410119⟩
80 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More