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Journal Articles Clinical Neurophysiology Year : 2008

On the blind source separation of human electroencephalogram by approximate joint diagonalization of second order statistics

Marco Congedo
Cedric Gouy-Pailler
Christian Jutten

Abstract

Over the last ten years blind source separation (BSS) has become a prominent processing tool in the study of human electroencephalography (EEG). Without relying on head modeling BSS aims at estimating both the waveform and the scalp spatial pattern of the intracranial dipolar current responsible of the observed EEG. In this review we begin by placing the BSS linear instantaneous model of EEG within the framework of brain volume conduction theory. We then review the concept and current practice of BSS based on second-order statistics (SOS) and on higher-order statistics (HOS), the latter better known as independent component analysis (ICA). Using neurophysiological knowledge we consider the fitness of SOS-based and HOS-based methods for the extraction of spontaneous and induced EEG and their separation from extra-cranial artifacts. We then illustrate a general BSS scheme operating in the time-frequency domain using SOS only. The scheme readily extends to further data expansions in order to capture experimental source of variations as well. A simple and efficient implementation based on the approximate joint diagonalization of Fourier cospectral matrices is described (AJDC). We conclude discussing useful aspects of BSS analysis of EEG, including its assumptions and limitations.
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Dates and versions

hal-00343628 , version 1 (02-12-2008)

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Marco Congedo, Cedric Gouy-Pailler, Christian Jutten. On the blind source separation of human electroencephalogram by approximate joint diagonalization of second order statistics. Clinical Neurophysiology, 2008, 119 (12), pp.2677-2686. ⟨10.1016/j.clinph.2008.09.007⟩. ⟨hal-00343628⟩
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