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Journal Articles Geophysical Journal International Year : 2008

Evidence of the theoretically predicted seismo-magnetic conversion


Seismo-electromagnetic phenomena in porous media arise from seismic wave-induced fluid motion in the pore space, which perturbs the equilibrium of the electric double layer. This paper describes with details the original experimental apparatus built within the ultra-shielded chamber of the Low Noise Underground Laboratory of Rustrel (France). We measured seismo-magnetic conversions in moist sand using two induction magnetometers, and a pneumatic seismic source to generate the seismic wave propagation. We ensured to avoid the magnetometer vibrations, which could induce strong disturbances from induction origin. Interpretation of the data is improved by an analytical description of phase velocities for fast (P_f) and slow (P_s) longitudinal modes, transverse mode (S) as well as the extensional mode due to the cylindrical geometry of the sample. The purpose of this paper is to provide elements to measure correctly co seismic seismomagnetic fields and to specify their amplitude. The seismic arrivals recorded in the sample showing a 1200$-1300 m/s velocity have been associated to P and extensional waves. The measured seismo-magnetic arrivals show a velocity of about 800 m/s consistent with the calculated phase velocity of S waves. Therefore we show that the seismo-magnetic field is associated to the transverse part of the propagation, as theoretically predicted by Pride (1994), but never measured up to now. Moreover, the combined experimental and analytical approaches lead us to the conclusion that the measured seismo-magnetic field is probably about 0.35 nT for a 1 m/s2 seismic source acceleration (0.1 g).
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hal-00303316 , version 1 (22-08-2008)



Clarisse Bordes, Laurence Jouniaux, Stéphane Garambois, Michel Dietrich, Jean-Pierre Pozzi, et al.. Evidence of the theoretically predicted seismo-magnetic conversion. Geophysical Journal International, 2008, 174 (2), pp.489-504. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.03828.x⟩. ⟨hal-00303316⟩
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