Effects of constitutive deletion of opioid receptors on the basal densities of Fas and Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) in the mouse brain: a delta-opioid tone inhibits FADD. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Neuropsychopharmacology Year : 2007

Effects of constitutive deletion of opioid receptors on the basal densities of Fas and Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) in the mouse brain: a delta-opioid tone inhibits FADD.

Abstract

The acute effects of opiate drugs and opiate addiction have been associated with modulation of Fas/FADD (Fas-Associated protein with Death Domain) signaling complex in the rat brain. This study investigated the possible existence of endogenous opioid tones regulating the basal activities of Fas receptor forms and FADD in the brain, using gene-targeted mice lacking mu-, delta- or kappa-opioid peptide receptors (KO mice). In mu-KO mice, but not in delta- or kappa-KO mice, the basal immunodensity of native Fas (35 kDa monomeric form) was decreased in the cerebral cortex (33%) when compared with WT littermates. In delta-KO mice, but not in mu- or kappa-KO mice, the basal content of 120 kDa Fas aggregates (complexes of monomers relevant in Fas signaling) was markedly increased in the cortex (93%). In contrast, no differences between genotypes were observed in the basal expression of glycosylated Fas (51/48/45 kDa forms). Notably, the basal content of FADD (the adaptor protein that couples Fas to caspases and transmits the death signal) was increased in the cerebral cortex of delta-KO mice (48%), but not in mu- or kappa-KO mice. In addition, the basal content of phosphorylated FADD at Ser191 (the relevant species of FADD implicated in nonapoptotic signals) was also upregulated in the cortices of delta-opioid receptor KO mice (6.5-11.0-fold). The results suggest that mu-receptors tonically stimulate (through endogenous opioid peptides) the activation of native Fas, whereas delta-receptors tonically inhibit the expression of Fas aggregates and that of FADD and phosphorylated FADD (Ser191) in the mouse brain. These data are in line with the acute opposite modulation of Fas and FADD induced by mu- and delta-opiate agonists, and strongly support the notion of an anti-apoptotic delta-opioid tone that restrains Fas signaling.

Dates and versions

hal-00190963 , version 1 (23-11-2007)

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M Julia García-Fuster, Marcelino Ferrer-Alcón, Miquel Martín, Brigitte L Kieffer, Rafael Maldonado, et al.. Effects of constitutive deletion of opioid receptors on the basal densities of Fas and Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) in the mouse brain: a delta-opioid tone inhibits FADD.. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 2007, 17 (5), pp.366-74. ⟨10.1016/j.euroneuro.2006.08.008⟩. ⟨hal-00190963⟩
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