Rescue of morphogenetic defects and of retinoic acid signaling in retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (Raldh2) mouse mutants by chimerism with wild-type cells. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Differentiation / The Journal of the International Society of Differentiation Year : 2006

Rescue of morphogenetic defects and of retinoic acid signaling in retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (Raldh2) mouse mutants by chimerism with wild-type cells.

Abstract

Retinoic acid (RA), the active vitamin A derivative, is an important developmental signaling molecule in vertebrates. In this study, we have assessed whether minimal numbers and/or specific distributions of RA-producing cells can support normal mouse embryonic development. Retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (RALDH2) is the main RA-synthesizing enzyme acting during development. We have generated an embryonic stem (ES) cell line homozygous for an Raldh2 gene disruption, and have analyzed chimeric embryos with various contributions of wild-type cells. Whereas embryos almost completely derived from Raldh2(-/-) cells phenocopy the corresponding germline null mutants, the presence of even small numbers (<10%) of wild-type cells can rescue most of the morphogenetic defects, including embryonic turning and axial elongation, and left-right looping of the heart tube. No consistent bias in the distribution of wild-type cells was observed in the phenotypically rescued Raldh2(-/-) chimeras. Analysis of an RA-sensitive transgene indicates that RA can diffuse from wild-type cells and elicit a widespread transcriptional response in Raldh2-deficient cells. Our results show that few wild-type RA-producing cells, even when present in apparent random distributions, can support early morphogenesis of the mouse embryo. However, the Raldh2(-/-) chimeric fetuses display lung abnormalities, persistent truncus arteriosus, and abnormal myocardial differentiation, showing that subsequent RA-dependent events cannot be fully rescued by the mosaic presence of wild-type cells.
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hal-00188176 , version 1 (15-11-2007)

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Julien Vermot, Nadia Messaddeq, Karen Niederreither, Andrée Dierich, Pascal Dollé. Rescue of morphogenetic defects and of retinoic acid signaling in retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (Raldh2) mouse mutants by chimerism with wild-type cells.. Differentiation / The Journal of the International Society of Differentiation, 2006, 74 (9-10), pp.661-8. ⟨10.1111/j.1432-0436.2006.00094.x⟩. ⟨hal-00188176⟩
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