MLN64 is involved in actin-mediated dynamics of late endocytic organelles. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Biology of the Cell Year : 2005

MLN64 is involved in actin-mediated dynamics of late endocytic organelles.

Maarit Hölttä-Vuori
  • Function : Author
Kimmo Tanhuanpää
  • Function : Author
Eija Jokitalo
Aino-Liisa Mutka
  • Function : Author
Elina Ikonen
  • Function : Author


MLN64 is a late endosomal cholesterol-binding membrane protein of an unknown function. Here, we show that MLN64 depletion results in the dispersion of late endocytic organelles to the cell periphery similarly as upon pharmacological actin disruption. The dispersed organelles in MLN64 knockdown cells exhibited decreased association with actin and the Arp2/3 complex subunit p34-Arc. MLN64 depletion was accompanied by impaired fusion of late endocytic organelles and delayed cargo degradation. MLN64 overexpression increased the number of actin and p34-Arc-positive patches on late endosomes, enhanced the fusion of late endocytic organelles in an actin-dependent manner, and stimulated the deposition of sterol in late endosomes harboring the protein. Overexpression of wild-type MLN64 was capable of rescuing the endosome dispersion in MLN64-depleted cells, whereas mutants of MLN64 defective in cholesterol binding were not, suggesting a functional connection between MLN64-mediated sterol transfer and actin-dependent late endosome dynamics. We propose that local sterol enrichment by MLN64 in the late endosomal membranes facilitates their association with actin, thereby governing actin-dependent fusion and degradative activity of late endocytic organelles.

Dates and versions

hal-00187625 , version 1 (15-11-2007)



Maarit Hölttä-Vuori, Fabien Alpy, Kimmo Tanhuanpää, Eija Jokitalo, Aino-Liisa Mutka, et al.. MLN64 is involved in actin-mediated dynamics of late endocytic organelles.. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2005, 16 (8), pp.3873-86. ⟨10.1091/mbc.E04-12-1105⟩. ⟨hal-00187625⟩
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