Cell cycle-dependent expression regulation by the proteasome pathway and characterization of the nuclear targeting signal of a Leishmania major Kin-13 kinesin. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Microbiology Year : 2006

Cell cycle-dependent expression regulation by the proteasome pathway and characterization of the nuclear targeting signal of a Leishmania major Kin-13 kinesin.

Christine Blaineau
  • Function : Author
Patrick Bastien
Lena Tasse
  • Function : Author
Lucien Crobu
  • Function : Author
Michel Pagès
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The LmjF01.0030 gene of Leishmania major Friedlin, annotated as 'MCAK-like', was confirmed as a kinesin with an internally located motor domain and termed LmjKIN13-1. Both the native form of the protein and a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused recombinant version were shown to be exclusively intranuclear, and, more specifically, to localize to the spindle and spindle poles. Cell cycle-dependent regulation of the protein levels was demonstrated using synchronized Leishmania cells: LmjKIN13-1 was highly abundant in the G2+M phase and present at very low levels after mitosis. Altogether, these features suggest that this protein participates in mitosis. The construction of systematic deletion mutants allowed the localization of the primary sequence regions responsible for nuclear targeting on the one hand, and for cell cycle-dependent variations on the other hand. A 42-amino-acid region of the carboxy(C)-terminal domain mediates nuclear import and could be defined as an atypical nuclear localization signal. Protein level regulation during the cell cycle was shown to also depend upon the C-terminal domain, where apparently redundant degradation signals are present. Putative degradation signals appear to be present on both sides and inside the nuclear localization signal. Further experiments strongly suggest a role for the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway in this cell cycle-dependent regulation. These data underline the importance of post-translational regulation of protein abundance in this ancestral eukaryote where transcriptional regulation seems to be rare or near absent.

Dates and versions

hal-00175476 , version 1 (28-09-2007)

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Pascal Dubessay, Christine Blaineau, Patrick Bastien, Lena Tasse, Juliette van Dijk, et al.. Cell cycle-dependent expression regulation by the proteasome pathway and characterization of the nuclear targeting signal of a Leishmania major Kin-13 kinesin.. Molecular Microbiology, 2006, 59 (4), pp.1162-74. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05013.x⟩. ⟨hal-00175476⟩
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