Two- and three-dimensional numerical simulations of the transition to oscillatory convection in low-Prandtl-number fluids - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Fluid Mechanics Year : 1998

Two- and three-dimensional numerical simulations of the transition to oscillatory convection in low-Prandtl-number fluids

Abstract

The convective flows which arise in shallow cavities filled with low-Prandtl-number fluids when subjected to a horizontal temperature gradient are studied numerically with a finite element method. Attention is focused on a rigid cavity with dimensions 4x2x1, for which experimental data are available. The three-dimensional results indicate that, after a relative concentration of the initial Hadley circulation, a transition to time-dependent flows occurs in the form of a roll oscillation with a purely dynamical origin. This transition corresponds to a Hopf bifurcation with a breaking of symmetry that gives some specific properties to the time evolution of the flow: these properties are shown to be the result of the general behaviour of the dynamical systems. Calculations performed in the case of mercury compare well with the experiments with similar power spectra of the temperature, and this validates the analysis of the nature of the global flow performed in the limiting case Pr = 0. All these results are discussed with respect to the linear and nonlinear analyses and to other computational experiments. Numerical results obtained in the corresponding twodimensional situation give a different transition to the time-dependent flow: it is shown that in the three-dimensional cavity this type of two-dimensional transition is less probable than the observed transition with breaking of symmetry.
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Dates and versions

hal-00123707 , version 1 (18-01-2007)

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Daniel Henry, Marc Buffat. Two- and three-dimensional numerical simulations of the transition to oscillatory convection in low-Prandtl-number fluids. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 1998, 374, pp.145-171. ⟨10.1017/S0022112098002523⟩. ⟨hal-00123707⟩
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