Genomic exploration of the hemiascomycetous yeasts: 21. Comparative functional classification of genes. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles FEBS Letters Year : 2000

Genomic exploration of the hemiascomycetous yeasts: 21. Comparative functional classification of genes.

Abstract

We explored the biological diversity of hemiascomycetous yeasts using a set of 22000 newly identified genes in 13 species through BLASTX searches. Genes without clear homologue in Saccharomyces cerevisiae appeared to be conserved in several species, suggesting that they were recently lost by S. cerevisiae. They often identified well-known species-specific traits. Cases of gene acquisition through horizontal transfer appeared to occur very rarely if at all. All identified genes were ascribed to functional classes. Functional classes were differently represented among species. Species classification by functional clustering roughly paralleled rDNA phylogeny. Unequal distribution of rapidly evolving, ascomycete-specific, genes among species and functions was shown to contribute strongly to this clustering. A few cases of gene family amplification were documented, but no general correlation could be observed between functional differentiation of yeast species and variations of gene family sizes. Yeast biological diversity seems thus to result from limited species-specific gene losses or duplications, and for a large part from rapid evolution of genes and regulatory factors dedicated to specific functions.

Domains

Genetics

Dates and versions

hal-00115674 , version 1 (22-11-2006)

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C. Gaillardin, G. Duchateau-Nguyen, F. Tekaia, B. Llorente, S. Casaregola, et al.. Genomic exploration of the hemiascomycetous yeasts: 21. Comparative functional classification of genes.. FEBS Letters, 2000, 487 (1), pp.134-49. ⟨10.1016/S0014-5793(00)02292-4⟩. ⟨hal-00115674⟩
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