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Journal Articles Theoretical and Mathematical Physics Year : 2008

Projective Ring Line Encompassing Two-Qubits

Abstract

The projective line over the (non-commutative) ring of two-by-two matrices with coefficients in GF(2) is found to fully accommodate the algebra of 15 operators - generalized Pauli matrices - characterizing two-qubit systems. The relevant sub-configuration consists of 15 points each of which is either simultaneously distant or simultaneously neighbor to (any) two given distant points of the line. The operators can be identified with the points in such a one-to-one manner that their commutation relations are exactly reproduced by the underlying geometry of the points, with the ring geometrical notions of neighbor/distant answering, respectively, to the operational ones of commuting/non-commuting. This remarkable configuration can be viewed in two principally different ways accounting, respectively, for the basic 9+6 and 10+5 factorizations of the algebra of the observables. First, as a disjoint union of the projective line over GF(2) x GF(2) (the "Mermin" part) and two lines over GF(4) passing through the two selected points, the latter omitted. Second, as the generalized quadrangle of order two, with its ovoids and/or spreads standing for (maximum) sets of five mutually non-commuting operators and/or groups of five maximally commuting subsets of three operators each. These findings open up rather unexpected vistas for an algebraic geometrical modelling of finite-dimensional quantum systems and give their numerous applications a wholly new perspective.
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Dates and versions

hal-00111733 , version 1 (06-11-2006)
hal-00111733 , version 2 (13-11-2006)
hal-00111733 , version 3 (05-12-2006)
hal-00111733 , version 4 (11-12-2006)
hal-00111733 , version 5 (28-12-2006)

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Cite

Metod Saniga, Michel R. P. Planat, Petr Pracna. Projective Ring Line Encompassing Two-Qubits. Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 2008, 155 (3), pp.905-913. ⟨10.1007/s11232-008-0076-x⟩. ⟨hal-00111733v5⟩
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