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CYFIP2 containing WAVE complexes inhibit cell migration

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Abstract

Branched actin networks polymerized by the Arp2/3 complex are critical for cell migration. The WAVE complex is the major Arp2/3 activator at the leading edge of migrating cells. However, multiple distinct WAVE complexes can be assembled in a cell, due to the combinatorial complexity of paralogous subunits. When systematically analyzing the contribution of each WAVE complex subunit to the metastasis-free survival of breast cancer patients, we found that overexpression of the CYFIP2 subunit was surprisingly associated with good prognosis. Gain and loss of function experiments in transformed and untransformed mammary epithelial cells revealed that cell migration was always inversely related to CYFIP2 levels. The role of CYFIP2 was systematically opposite to the role of the paralogous subunit CYFIP1 or of the NCKAP1 subunit. The specific CYFIP2 function in inhibiting cell migration was related to its unique ability to down-regulate classical pro-migratory WAVE complexes. The anti-migratory function of CYFIP2 was also revealed in migration of prechordal plate cells during gastrulation of the zebrafish embryo, indicating that the unique function of CYFIP2 is critically important in both physiological and pathophysiological migrations.
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Dates and versions

hal-03014297 , version 1 (25-11-2020)

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Anna Polesskaya, Arthur Boutillon, Yanan Wang, Marc Lavielle, Sophie Vacher, et al.. CYFIP2 containing WAVE complexes inhibit cell migration. 2020. ⟨hal-03014297⟩
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