The Leprosarium of Saint-Thomas d’Aizier : the cementochronological proof of the medieval decline of Hansen disease in Europe? - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Paleopathology Year : 2016

The Leprosarium of Saint-Thomas d’Aizier : the cementochronological proof of the medieval decline of Hansen disease in Europe?

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Abstract

This study compares the adult survivorship profiles of people interred in the Saint-Thomas d’Aizier leprosarium, estimated by cementochronology, to eight archaeological series in northern France dated from Late Antiquity to the Late Middle Ages, periods of significant visibility for Hansen's disease (leprosy). The goals are to understand the impact of leprosy on various social groups and to explore the cause of leprosy's decline by analyzing male and female fertility. Survival rates differed between medieval leprosy-free sites and the Saint-Thomas d’Aizier leprosarium, although this difference was statistically significant only for the female leprosarium sample. The selective female frailty, a consequence of social exclusion and the collapse of the quality of life, combined with the infertility of lepromatous couples, offer a multi-causal explanation to the end of the expansion and then decline of leprosy in southern and western European countries.
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halshs-01715280 , version 1 (22-02-2018)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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Joël Blondiaux, Stephan Naji, Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel, Thomas Colard, Amélie de Broucker, et al.. The Leprosarium of Saint-Thomas d’Aizier : the cementochronological proof of the medieval decline of Hansen disease in Europe?. International Journal of Paleopathology, 2016, 15, pp.140-151. ⟨10.1016/j.ijpp.2015.02.005⟩. ⟨halshs-01715280⟩
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