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Journal Articles Geoarchaeology: An International Journal Year : 2010

Reinterpretation of an archaeological pebble culture from the middle Mekong river valley, Cambodia

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Abstract

In 1963. E. Saurin and J.-P. Carbonnel discovered the Sre Sbov site on an alluvial terrace of the Mekong River in central Cambodia Saurin described a lithic typology dating to the Lower/Middle Pleistocene from this site. Although the original lithic assemblage has been lost,, this typology has been used continuously as a reference by Southeast Asian prehistorians. In 2007, a Khmer-French team conducted excavations at: Sre Sbov that yielded numerous pebbles and cobbles showing apparently convincing handmade removals, as Saurin had previously described. However, an in-depth study of this assemblage, combined with a geological survey of the area, led to the conclusion that the stones were, in fact, of natural origin, and unit for this reason their typology should be disregarded. Using satellite imagery and geological surveys, we explain how such a misinterpretation may have occurred quid define a "buffer zone," corresponding to the maximal extent of the proto-Mekong River, where fluvially reworked pebbles and cobbles resembling artifacts may be recovered.

Dates and versions

hal-00838305 , version 1 (25-06-2013)

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Fabrice Demeter, Elise Edoumba, Philippe Duringer, Anne-Marie Bacon, Pheng Sytha, et al.. Reinterpretation of an archaeological pebble culture from the middle Mekong river valley, Cambodia. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 2010, 25 (1), pp.75-95. ⟨10.1002/gea.20298⟩. ⟨hal-00838305⟩
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