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Journal Articles American Journal of Emergency Medicine Year : 2016

Serum potassium concentration predicts brain hypoxia on CT after avalanche-induced cardiac arrest

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Brain anoxia after complete avalanche burial and cardiac arrest (CA) may occur despite adequate on-site triage. PURPOSE: To investigate clinical and biological parameters associated with brain hypoxia in a cohort of avalanche victims with whole body computed tomographic (CT) scan. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with CA and whole body CT scan following complete avalanche burial admitted in a level-I trauma center. MAIN FINDINGS: Out of 19 buried patients with whole body CT scan, eight patients had refractory CA and 11 patients had pre-hospital return of spontaneous circulation. Six patients survived at hospital discharge and only two had good neurologic outcome. Twelve patients had signs of brain hypoxia on initial CT scan, defined as brain edema, loss of gray/white matter differentiation and/or hypodensity of basal ganglia. No clinical pre-hospital parameter was associated with brain anoxia. Serum potassium concentration at admission was higher in patients with brain anoxia as compared to patients with normal CT scan: 5.5 (4.1-7.2) mmol/L versus 3.3 (3.0-4.2) mmol/L, respectively (P<.01). A threshold of 4.35 mmol/L serum potassium had 100% specificity to predict brain anoxia on brain CT scan. CONCLUSIONS: Serum potassium concentration had good predictive value for brain anoxia after complete avalanche burial. This finding further supports the use of serum potassium concentration for extracorporeal life support insertion at hospital admission in this context.
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Dates and versions

hal-02271650 , version 1 (27-08-2019)

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J.G. Cohen, Yvonnick Boué, Bastien Boussat, Emilie Reymond, Sylvie Grand, et al.. Serum potassium concentration predicts brain hypoxia on CT after avalanche-induced cardiac arrest. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2016, 34 (5), pp.856-860. ⟨10.1016/j.ajem.2016.01.037⟩. ⟨hal-02271650⟩
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