Air pollution, asthma attacks, and socioeconomic deprivation: a small-area case-crossover study. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles American Journal of Epidemiology Year : 2008

Air pollution, asthma attacks, and socioeconomic deprivation: a small-area case-crossover study.

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Abstract

With few exceptions, studies of short-term health effects of air pollution use pollutant concentrations that are averaged citywide as exposure indicators. They are thus prone to exposure misclassification and consequently to bias. Measurement of the relations between air pollution and health, generally and in specific populations, could be improved by employing more geographically precise exposure estimates. The authors investigated short-term relations between ambient air pollution estimated in small geographic areas (French census blocks) and asthma attacks in Strasbourg, France, in 2000-2005--in the general population and in populations with contrasting levels of socioeconomic deprivation. Emergency health-care networks provided data on 4,683 telephone calls made for asthma attacks. Deprivation was estimated using a block-level index constructed from census data. Hourly concentrations of particulate matter less than 10 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(10)), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and ozone were modeled by block with ADMS-Urban software. Adjusted case-crossover analyses showed that asthma calls were positively but not significantly associated with PM(10) (for a 10-microg x m(-3) increase, odds ratio (OR) = 1.035, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.997, 1.075), sulfur dioxide (OR = 1.056, 95% CI: 0.979, 1.139), and nitrogen dioxide (OR = 1.025, 95% CI: 0.990, 1.062). No association was observed for ozone (OR = 0.998, 95% CI: 0.965, 1.032). Socioeconomic deprivation had no significant influence on these relations.

Dates and versions

hal-00672318 , version 1 (21-02-2012)

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Olivier Laurent, Gaëlle Pedrono, Claire Segala, Laurent Filleul, Sabrina Havard, et al.. Air pollution, asthma attacks, and socioeconomic deprivation: a small-area case-crossover study.. American Journal of Epidemiology, 2008, 168 (1), pp.58-65. ⟨10.1093/aje/kwn087⟩. ⟨hal-00672318⟩
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