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Journal Articles Journal of Hazardous Materials Year : 2023

Exposure to polyethylene microplastics alters immature gut microbiome in an infant in vitro gut model

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jérémy ratel
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1163789
  • IdHAL : jratel
Erwan Engel
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1143047
Muriel Mercier-Bonin

Abstract

Infants are characterized by an immaturity of the gut ecosystem and a high exposure to microplastics (MPs) through diet, dust and suckling. However, the bidirectional interactions between MPs and the immature infant intestinal microbiota remain unknown. Our study aims to investigate the impact of chronic exposure to polyethylene (PE) MPs on the gut microbiota and intestinal barrier of infants, using the new Toddler mucosal Artificial Colon coupled with a co-culture of epithelial and mucus-secreting cells. Gut microbiota composition was determined by 16S metabarcoding and microbial activities were evaluated by gas, short chain fatty acid and volatolomics analyses. Gut barrier integrity was assessed via evaluation of intestinal permeability, inflammation and mucus synthesis. Exposure to PE MPs induced gut microbial shifts increasing α-diversity and abundance of potentially harmful pathobionts, such as Dethiosulfovibrionaceae and Enterobacteriaceae. Those changes were associated to butyrate production decrease and major changes in volatile organic compounds profiles. In contrast, no significant impact of PE MPs on the gut barrier, as mediated by microbial metabolites, was reported. For the first time, this study indicates that ingestion of PE MPs can induce perturbations in the gut microbiome of infants. Next step would be to further investigate the potential vector effect of MPs.
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Dates and versions

hal-03791155 , version 1 (29-09-2022)

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Elora Fournier, jérémy ratel, Sylvain Denis, Mathilde Leveque, Philippe Ruiz, et al.. Exposure to polyethylene microplastics alters immature gut microbiome in an infant in vitro gut model. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2023, 443 (B), pp.130383. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.130383⟩. ⟨hal-03791155⟩
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