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Journal Articles Journal of Fungi Year : 2021

Exploring the Diversity of Fungal DyPs in Mangrove Soils to Produce and Characterize Novel Biocatalysts

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Laurent Vallon
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1097553
Giuliano Sciara
Pierre Peyret
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1097556
Francisco J Ruiz-Dueñas
Patricia Luis
Tahar Mechichi
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1097558

Abstract

The functional diversity of the New Caledonian mangrove sediments was examined, observing the distribution of fungal dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs), together with the complete biochemical characterization of the main DyP. Using a functional metabarcoding approach, the diversity of expressed genes encoding fungal DyPs was investigated in surface and deeper sediments, collected beneath either Avicennia marina or Rhizophora stylosa trees, during either the wet or the dry seasons. The highest DyP diversity was observed in surface sediments beneath the R. stylosa area during the wet season, and one particular operational functional unit (OFU1) was detected as the most abundant DyP isoform. This OFU was found in all sediment samples, representing 51-100% of the total DyP-encoding sequences in 70% of the samples. The complete cDNA sequence corresponding to this abundant DyP (OFU 1) was retrieved by gene capture, cloned, and heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris. The recombinant enzyme, called DyP1, was purified and characterized, leading to the description of its physical-chemical properties, its ability to oxidize diverse phenolic substrates, and its potential to decolorize textile dyes; DyP1 was more active at low pH, though moderately stable over a wide pH range. The enzyme was very stable at temperatures up to 50 °C, retaining 60% activity after 180 min incubation. Its ability to decolorize industrial dyes was also tested on Reactive Blue 19, Acid Black, Disperse Blue 79, and Reactive Black 5. The effect of hydrogen peroxide and sea salt on DyP1 activity was studied and compared to what is reported for previously characterized enzymes from terrestrial and marine-derived fungi.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03215284 , version 1 (03-05-2021)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Amal Ben Ayed, Geoffroy Saint-Genis, Laurent Vallon, Dolores Linde, Annick Turbé-Doan, et al.. Exploring the Diversity of Fungal DyPs in Mangrove Soils to Produce and Characterize Novel Biocatalysts. Journal of Fungi, 2021, 7 (5), pp.321. ⟨10.3390/jof7050321⟩. ⟨hal-03215284⟩
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