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A Control Approach for Performance of Big Data Systems

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Abstract

We are at the dawn of a huge data explosion therefore companies have fast growing amounts of data to process. For this purpose Google developed MapReduce, a parallel programming paradigm which is slowly becoming the de facto tool for Big Data analytics. Although to some extent its use is already wide-spread in the industry, ensuring performance constraints for such a complex system poses great challenges and its management requires a high level of expertise. This paper answers these challenges by providing the first autonomous controller that ensures service time constraints of a concurrent MapReduce workload. We develop the first dynamic model of a MapReduce cluster. Furthermore, PI feedback control is developed and implemented to ensure service time constraints. A feedforward controller is added to improve control response in the presence of disturbances, namely changes in the number of clients. The approach is validated online on a real 40 node MapReduce cluster, running a data intensive Business Intelligence workload. Our experiments demonstrate that the designed control is successful in assuring service time constraints.
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Dates and versions

hal-00980372 , version 1 (05-01-2015)

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Mihaly Berekmeri, Damián Serrano, Sara Bouchenak, Nicolas Marchand, Bogdan Robu. A Control Approach for Performance of Big Data Systems. IFAC WC 2014 - 19th IFAC World Congress, Aug 2014, Le Cap, South Africa. ⟨10.3182/20140824-6-ZA-1003.01319⟩. ⟨hal-00980372⟩
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