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Journal Articles Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Year : 2008

Kinetics and mechanisms of iron redox reactions in silicate melts: The effects of temperature and alkali cations

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Abstract

The kinetics and the mechanisms of iron redox reactions in molten Fe-bearing pyroxene compositions have been investigated by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) experiments at the iron K-edge. The former experiments have been made only near the glass transition whereas the latter have also been performed from about 1300 to 2100 K. The same kinetics are observed with both techniques. They are described by characteristic times that depend primarily on temperature and not on the initial redox state. At high temperatures, where both kinds of reactions could be investigated, these times are similar for oxidation and reduction. From these characteristic times we have calculated as a function of temperature and composition a parameter termed effective redox diffusivity. For a given melt, the diffusivities follow two distinct Arrhenius laws, which indicate that the mechanisms of the redox reaction are not the same near the glass transition and at high temperatures. As is now well established, diffusion of divalent cations is the dominant mechanism at low temperatures but the enhanced kinetics observed for alkali-bearing melts indicate that Li+ and Na+ also participate in ionic transport. At superliquidus temperatures, in contrast, diffusion of oxygen represents the dominant mechanism.

Dates and versions

hal-00347530 , version 1 (16-12-2008)

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V. Magnien, D.R. Neuville, L. Cormier, J. Roux, Jean-Louis Hazemann, et al.. Kinetics and mechanisms of iron redox reactions in silicate melts: The effects of temperature and alkali cations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2008, 72, pp.2157-2168. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2008.02.007⟩. ⟨hal-00347530⟩
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