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Journal Articles Applied Sciences Year : 2020

A Photonically-Excited Leaky-Wave Antenna Array at E-Band for 1-D Beam Steering

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Abstract

This manuscript reports the first leaky-wave antenna (LWA) array excited by a photomixer as well as its potential application for alignment in wireless links. The designed array is manufactured in printed circuit board (PCB) technology, works at the E-band (from 75 to 85 GHz), and provides a directive beam of about 18 dBi with a frequency scanning span of 22°. The antenna element consists of a microstrip line periodically loaded with stubs, and it has been designed employing a hybrid approach combining full-wave simulations and transmission line theory. This approach enables the optimization of the periods when the open-stopband of the LWA is mitigated or removed at the frequency of broadside emission. The proposed antenna was first tested using a ground signal ground (GSG) probe; the measured return loss and radiation patterns of the fabricated prototype were in good agreement with full-wave simulations. Then, the LWA array was integrated with the photomixer chip using conductive epoxy threads. Measurements of the radiated power yielded a maximum of 120 µW at 80.5 GHz for a 9.8 mA photocurrent. Finally, the antenna was used in a 25 cm wireless link, obtaining a 2.15 Gbps error-free data rate.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution
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Dates and versions

hal-02611683 , version 1 (16-07-2020)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Alvaro J. Pascual-Gracia, Muhsin Ali, Guillermo Carpintero del Barrio, Fabien Ferrero, Laurent Brochier, et al.. A Photonically-Excited Leaky-Wave Antenna Array at E-Band for 1-D Beam Steering. Applied Sciences, 2020, 10 (3474), pp.1-16. ⟨10.3390/app10103474⟩. ⟨hal-02611683⟩
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