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Journal Articles Journal of Nuclear Materials Year : 2004

Effect of contact conditions on embrittlement of T91 steel by lead - bismuth

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Abstract

The T91 martensitic steel is a candidate structural material for the liquid Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) MEGAPIE spallation target. This paper first reviews some results on Liquid Metal Embrittlement (LME) of martensitic steels by liquid metals. It appears that LME of steels can occur provided a few criteria are fulfilled simultaneously. Intimate contact between liquid metal and solid metal is the first one. Usually, it is impossible to avoid the oxide film formation on the steel surface even after short exposure to air. This explains the difficulty arising when one would like to determine the susceptibility to LME of T91 steel whilst put into contact with lead-bismuth. Later, we report on different methods of surface preparation in order to remove the oxide layer on the T91 steel (PVD, soft soldering fluxes) and the resulting susceptibility to LME.
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Dates and versions

hal-00002192 , version 1 (09-07-2004)

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  • HAL Id : hal-00002192 , version 1

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Thierry Auger, Gérard Lorang, Sandrine Guérin, Jean Louis Pastol, Dominique Gorse. Effect of contact conditions on embrittlement of T91 steel by lead - bismuth. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2004, 335, pp.227-231. ⟨hal-00002192⟩
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