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Journal Articles Plant Physiology Year : 2009

Photosystem II and Pigment Dynamics among Ecotypes of the Green Alga Ostreococcus

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Christophe Six
Ryan Sherrard
  • Function : Author
Suzanne Roy
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 962949
Douglas A. Campbell
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We investigated the photophysiological responses of three ecotypes of the picophytoplankter Ostreococcus and a larger prasinophyte Pyramimonas obovata to a sudden increase in light irradiance. The deepwater Ostreococcus sp. RCC809 showed very high susceptibility to primary photoinactivation, likely a consequence of high oxidative stress, which may relate to the recently noted plastid terminal oxidase activity in this strain. The three Ostreococcus ecotypes were all capable of deploying modulation of the photosystem II repair cycle in order to cope with the light increase, but the effective clearance of photoinactivated D1 protein appeared to be slower in the deepwater Ostreococcus sp. RCC809, suggesting that this step is rate limiting in the photosystem II repair cycle in this strain. Moreover, the deepwater Ostreococcus accumulated lutein and showed substantial use of the xanthophyll cycle under light stress, demonstrating its high sensitivity to light fluctuations. The sustained component of the nonphotochemical quenching of fluorescence correlated well with the xanthophyll deepoxidation activity. Comparisons with the larger prasinophyte P. obovata suggest that the photophysiology of Ostreococcus ecotypes requires high photosystem II repair rates to counter a high susceptibility to photoinactivation, consistent with low pigment package effects in their minute-sized cells.

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hal-01218514 , version 1 (21-10-2015)

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Christophe Six, Ryan Sherrard, Marie Lionard, Suzanne Roy, Douglas A. Campbell. Photosystem II and Pigment Dynamics among Ecotypes of the Green Alga Ostreococcus. Plant Physiology, 2009, 151 (1), pp.379-390. ⟨10.1104/pp.109.140566⟩. ⟨hal-01218514⟩
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