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Journal Articles Photosynthesis Research Year : 2016

Photosystem II repair in marine diatoms with contrasting photophysiologies

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Abstract

Skeletonema costatum and Phaeodactylum tricornutum are model marine diatoms with differing strategies for non-photochemical dissipation of excess excitation energy within photosystem II (PSII). We showed that S. costatum, with connectivity across the pigment bed serving PSII, and limited capacity for induction of sustained non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), maintained a large ratio of [PSIITotal]/[PSIIActive] to buffer against fluctuations in light intensity. In contrast, P. tricornutum, with a larger capacity to induce sustained NPQ, could maintain a lower [PSIITotal]/[PSIIActive]. Induction of NPQ was correlated with an active PSII repair cycle in both species, and inhibition of chloroplastic protein synthesis with lincomycin leads to run away over-excitation of remaining PSIIActive, particularly in S. costatum. We discuss these distinctions in relation to the differing capacities, induction and relaxation rates for NPQ, and as strain adaptations to the differential light regimes of their originating habitats. The present work further confirms the important role for the light-dependent fast regulation of photochemistry by NPQ interacting with PSII repair cycle capacity in the ecophysiology of both pennate and centric diatoms.
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Dates and versions

hal-01176261 , version 1 (15-07-2015)

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Johann Lavaud, Christophe Six, Douglas A Campbell. Photosystem II repair in marine diatoms with contrasting photophysiologies. Photosynthesis Research, 2016, 127 (2), pp.189-199. ⟨10.1007/s11120-015-0172-3⟩. ⟨hal-01176261⟩
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