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Journal Articles Biogeosciences Year : 2015

Pigment signatures of phytoplankton communities in the Beaufort Sea

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Abstract

Phytoplankton are expected to respond to recent environmental changes of the Arctic Ocean. In terms of bottom-up control, modifying the phytoplankton distribution will ultimately affect the entire food web and carbon export. However, detecting and quantifying changes in phytoplank-ton communities in the Arctic Ocean remains difficult because of the lack of data and the inconsistent identification methods used. Based on pigment and microscopy data sampled in the Beaufort Sea during summer 2009, we optimized the chemotaxonomic tool CHEMTAX (CHEMical TAXon-omy) for the assessment of phytoplankton community composition in an Arctic setting. The geographical distribution of the main phytoplankton groups was determined with clustering methods. Four phytoplankton assemblages were determined and related to bathymetry, nutrients and light availability. Surface waters across the whole survey region were dominated by prasinophytes and chlorophytes, whereas the subsurface chlorophyll maximum was dominated by the cen-tric diatoms Chaetoceros socialis on the shelf and by two populations of nanoflagellates in the deep basin. Microscopic counts showed a high contribution of the heterotrophic di-noflagellates Gymnodinium and Gyrodinium spp. to total carbon biomass, suggesting high grazing activity at this time of the year. However, CHEMTAX was unable to detect these dinoflagellates because they lack peridinin. In heterotrophic dinoflagellates, the inclusion of the pigments of their prey potentially leads to incorrect group assignments and some misinterpretation of CHEMTAX. Thanks to the high repro-ducibility of pigment analysis, our results can serve as a base-line to assess change and spatial or temporal variability in several phytoplankton populations that are not affected by these misinterpretations.
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Dates and versions

hal-01143901 , version 1 (20-04-2015)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Pierre Coupel, Atsushi Matsuoka, Diana Ruiz-Pino, M. Gosselin, Dominique Marie, et al.. Pigment signatures of phytoplankton communities in the Beaufort Sea. Biogeosciences, 2015, 12 (4), pp.991-1006. ⟨10.5194/bg-12-991-2015⟩. ⟨hal-01143901⟩
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