Meso-scale hydrodynamic and reproductive asynchrony affects the source-sink metapopulation structure of the coastal polychaete Pectinaria koreni - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Marine Biology Year : 2014

Meso-scale hydrodynamic and reproductive asynchrony affects the source-sink metapopulation structure of the coastal polychaete Pectinaria koreni

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Abstract

The polychaete Pectinaria koreni exhibits a complex life cycle characterized by non-overlapping generations and widespread larval dispersal. To explore how ``local'' metapopulation genetic structure varies spatially and temporally during population turnover, we combined observations on demography, larval dispersal through hydrodynamic modelling and population genetics of successive age cohorts in the Baie de Seine (eastern English Channel, France). Mature adults (March), newly settled (July) and later-stage juveniles (September) were sampled in 2003 on the edge and in the main demes of the metapopulation. Demes displayed an asynchronous dynamics due to variations in habitat quality affecting reproductive timing (e.g. three distinct spawning events observed) and in local larval supply linked to temporal fluctuations of hydrodynamism. Two-source populations were identified among dense areas with the greatest larval retention and self-recruitment rates: one with a single recruitment event, stable temporal genetic variation and a strong spatial genetic re-homogenization during turnover, and the other with two recruitment events and significant allele frequency changes over time. Sink habitats displayed single recruitment event and experienced strong inter-generational (juveniles vs adults) genetic changes due to genetic drift associated with strong winter mortalities. Altogether, results suggested that adult spawning asynchrony and sweepstakes reproductive success, together with genetic drift, played a greater role than hydrodynamics itself in determining effective recruitment rates at some sites and generating genetic patchiness.
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hal-01218817 , version 1 (21-10-2015)

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Marc Taïmour Jolly, Éric Thiébaut, P. Guyard, Franck Gentil, Didier Jollivet. Meso-scale hydrodynamic and reproductive asynchrony affects the source-sink metapopulation structure of the coastal polychaete Pectinaria koreni. Marine Biology, 2014, 161 (2), pp.367-382. ⟨10.1007/s00227-013-2342-1⟩. ⟨hal-01218817⟩
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